Polymer

Peek polymer for butterfly valve in the chemical sector

Polymer

A polymer is a macromolecule derived from the union of monomers or single molecules. They form long chains by joining to each other, being the base of materials, such as wood or leather. Given their importance, they have always been the object of study, managing to understand their composition and achieving artificial synthesis to obtain materials with specific electrical, mechanical, and physical properties.

Types of polymers

According to their origin

  • Natural polymers
    There is a great diversity of polymers in nature forming proteins or rubber for example
  • Semi-synthetic polymers
    Obtained through the transformation of natural polymers
  • Synthetic polymers
    Obtained from the choice of monomers

According to their applications

  • Elastomers
    Can be deformed under stress, recovering their initial shape. Ex: fluoropolymer
  • Adhesives
    Allows two surfaces to be joined by means of adhesion and cohesion
  • Fibers
    High flexibility, allowing for stable fabrics
  • Plastics
    They offer a material that deforms without returning to the initial state
  • Coatings
    Material that adheres to surfaces to obtain additional properties

According to its temperature behaviour

  • Thermostable
    They offer stable materials in high temperature conditions. They are infusible and insoluble polymers that compact more when the temperature rises
  • Thermoplastic
    They offer materials that can be deformed at high temperatures, they are flexible materials. When they cool down, they return to their initial state
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